Back in April, U of T Scarborough sociology professor Joseph Hermer observed a trend that is now playing out on Toronto’s streets: how the spread of COVID-19 would impact the homeless, and the way that they are policed in public spaces.

Several worrying factors impacted their susceptibility: an inadequate shelter system, where social distancing has been a challenge, their increased likelihood to suffer from underlying health conditions, and the policing of the homeless, where many of the normal activities that this population undertake to stay alive are criminalized across Canada.

“Visible minorities and Indigenous Peoples are vastly over-represented in the homeless population,” explains Hermer. “Homelessness is a very visible expression of profound inequality and prejudice.”