Basic income is a government payment to a person or family to provide a minimum income. It has never been implemented by any nation, but pilot programs are now underway or planned in Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Kenya, Ontario, and California. In 2016, a referendum in Switzerland rejected a proposal to establish a basic income. The aim is to reduce poverty and bureaucracy with a program that is more generous and easier to administer than standard programs such as welfare and disability.

… My concern is with the ethical justification of such programs, with whether it would be legitimate for a state to use tax money extracted from richer people to benefit the poor.