Child poverty is family poverty. Child poverty statistics report on the number and percentage of children that live in families with income below a particular income threshold. Thus, child poverty does not exist outside of family poverty.

Child and family poverty is a social problem rooted in structures of inequality both economic and political. It is primarily measured by examining economic factors related to family income, either by comparing the incomes of Canadians, or in comparing incomes to the cost of necessities for daily living.