In Ontario, a program called ‘cash relief’ replaced hampers of clothes and food in so-called ‘bankrupt’ municipalities in 1935. The Minister responsible in Mitch Hepburn’s Provincial Cabinet was the 35 year old visionary David Croll.

The implementation of cash relief came after the new federal government of R.B. Bennett had provided provinces 5 consecutive cash infusions that began in 1930 following Mackenzie King’s declaration that he would not give a provincial conservative government ‘a five cent piece’. These infusions amounted to Canada’s first cost sharing agreements.