The significant negative health impacts of low income, food insecurity, and inadequate housing are seen daily by health care providers and evidenced by research. People with lower incomes are more likely to have medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and die at a younger age than people with higher incomes. Food insecurity, only one contributor to poor health among people with low income, is more common among those with chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. It is also associated with increases health care utilization and costs.

Poverty affects health through a complex web of influences including material deprivation, chronic stress, and biological mechanisms such as changes in hormone levels. Poverty contributes to the development of medical conditions and also impact one’s ability to access medical care once they arise.